Don’t make the mistake of assuming that drawing is an art limited to playing with colors. Even engineers and architects rely heavily on drawings, though the ones they use are a world apart from what you see in museums or your children’s drawing book. The drawings these professionals use, are a vital element of the construction work they are supervising and are known as architectural drawings.
These drawings are vital to ensure impeccable planning and accurate construction of a building structure. Not surprisingly, they don’t eschew artistic brilliance but ooze with details and engineering accuracy. These black and white paintings have the quality of mathematical precision and no great artistic flourish.
The Importance of Architectural Drawings :
Architectural drawings are needed at each step of the way during construction of a building. Let’s look at all the benefits that accrue out of having an architectural drawing.
Architectural drawings are the first visible manifestation of the ideas that an architect or an engineer has in mind. Once the builder briefs the engineer about the type of project he intends to have, it’s up to the team of architects and engineers to come up with designs that would be both strong and attractive. This is when the architectural drawings first make their appearance. They are the products of the architect’s imagination coupled with the engineers’ expertise.
It allows the builders to choose from different designs or make changes to a design which he otherwise approves. An average builder may not be able to clearly imagine what the architects are planning without a proper graphical representation. A drawing allows him to do that. He then has the option of approving it, rejecting it or partially approving it with demands for certain changes.
Architectural drawings allow the engineers to explore the viability and feasibility of their designs. These drawings are not restricted to the facades of the homes or the exterior view of the houses from different angles. They provide a detailed description of the house plan down to every constituting room and alleyway. Engineers can easily pick out any design flaws that may be visible to them and make the necessary amendments before it is too late.
Different Components of Architectural Drawings :
The architectural drawings of a building consist of many parts. They deal with the various design elements of the house as well as its different aspects. Let us try and understand in greater detail these different components.
Floor Plan :
The floor plan is the most commonly seen architectural drawing in the world of construction. If you are searching for a new home and consult some building agencies, you may get a prospectus containing floor plans of the houses they are building.
These floor plans, as expected, are in 2D form and highlight all the main features of the house including the doors, alleyways, toilets, etc. The vantage point of floor plans is from up above so it’s in the form of a horizontal cross section of the building at each floor. These plans are useful not just for single-story houses but even for multi-story ones.
The importance of floor plans can’t be overstated. They are essential to figure out the horizontal dimensions of each room as well as the thickness of the walls and stairs. The door openings are also prominently marked to remove any lingering doubts about the set up. Without a top-quality floor plan, it is nigh on impossible to build a house correctly.
Site Plan :
Site plan is equally important part of architectural drawings and is often the starting point of this work. Preparing a site plan involves properly analyzing the site and then making important decisions about the direction of the property, the level of floors, development of utilities and various other things keeping in mind the topography of the place. Any natural features like brooks or vegetation will also have to be taken in consideration before proceeding further.
Building Sections :
Just as floor plans are in the form of horizontal cross sections of the house, building sections are the vertical cross sections of the house. They delineate the height of each floor, along with the thickness of each partition wall. They also depict the rooftop and the constructions on it.
Building Elevations :
Building elevations are all about the exterior of the building. These drawings represent the faces of the structure and specify the heights of the windows, doors and other elements that are part of the exterior wall of the building. It also helps in determining the materials and dimensions of these walls.
Other Types of Architectural Drawing :
Listed above are the main components of the architectural drawing package. But these are not the only type of architectural drawings you would encounter if you are working for a construction firm. There are various other varieties as well. The prominent among them are:
Electrical Drawing :
A house is not simply composed of bricks and mortar. It also needs to possess those amenities which would make it a livable place. The most basic amenity is electricity. It is also a highly sensitive commodity that has to be arranged properly. This is why special drawings are made to design the whole circuit of the house so that there are no unforeseen problems in the future.
Assembly Drawing :
Assembly drawings are those which show the manner in which different parts of a particular item have to be assembled together. These drawings are important for various components of the house which have their own constituting elements and need to be put together at the right time.
Block Plan :
The job of the block plan is to depict the position of the building or buildings in the larger scheme of the entire landscape which includes roads, canals, meadows, etc.
Being an architect requires a great deal of knowledge but also a good amount of ingenuity and creativity. This fertile imagination of the mind has to be then transferred to the paper so that the process of realizing it can get underway.
However, you don’t need the flourishing brushstrokes of an artist for that. Just the steady hand of an engineer would be sufficient for you to succeed.For more informaton : E.mail Us : firstname.lastname@example.org